November 9, Serbithang: The third edition of the Foot and Mouth Disease Prevention and Control Plan is in place to prevent the incursion of disease and ensure an effective control of its outbreak. It was launched by the Hon’ble Agriculture Lyonpo, Yeshey Dorji.
Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is a notifiable disease as per the Livestock Rules and Regulations of Bhutan 2008 that affects cattle, yak, sheep, goat, pig and other wild ruminants. According to livestock officials, FMD has been always a threat to the success of livestock development programs in the country. It is a Transboundary Animal Disease that is highly contagious with a capacity to readily cross national boundary. Therefore, it is extremely important to control the disease to enhance livestock production and livelihoods of our rural population. Such intervention will also facilitate the livestock trade both within and outside.
The Plan prepared by the National Centre for Animal Health includes prevention and control strategies, surveillance system, support plan, monitoring and evaluation among others. It will serves as a ready reference to all those involved in the prevention and control of FMD in bringing down the incidences. The first National FMD Control Program (NFMDCP) was developed in 1996; it was then revised in 2005 which was consisted of two documents.
In Bhutan, FMD outbreaks are more frequently reported from the Dzongkhags sharing borders such as Chukha, Sarpang, Samtse and Samdrupjongkhar.
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