February 20, Gasa: The highland biogas technology and training cum awareness program was inaugurated at Damji, Khamoed geog. A total of seven biogas plants, 6 in Khamoed and 1 in Khatoed were installed.
The lowest biogas plant was constructed at an altitude of 1900 masl and the highest at the range of 2569 masl. In both locations, the plants were successfully installed and are fully operational. It was established by the Bhutan Biogas Project (BBP) and farmers jointly with the Department of Renewable Energy.
Yeshi Wangdi is the only trained livestock personnel in the Dzongkhag through BBP so the involvement of mason is one of the key challenges noted so far. Despite the challenges, the Dzongkhag Livestock Sector has achieved more than its annual performance agreement’s target which was to establish three.
As per the Sector’s record, each plant cost Nu.36410/-(Thirty six thousand four hundred and ten). Out of which, Nu. 11700/- (Eleven thousand seven hundred) were supported by BBP and the Sector provided cement and other necessary materials worth of Nu. 13260/- (Thirteen thousand two hundred and sixty) to promote the technology. Beneficiary households also contributed Nu. 11450/-(Eleven thousand four hundred and fifty).
To feed 6m3 dome, it requires 40 to 60 kgs of fresh dung daily that can be produced by 3-6 heads of cattle. Other technicalities observed was that mixing equal kgs of luke warm water instead of cold water makes better fermentation and flame. Therefore, the biogas plant can be established even at higher altitude with such intervention in the future.
The biogas has many benefits such as it reduces fossil and fuel wood consumption, expenditure to purchase LPG gas and mitigates greenhouse gas emissions. It also reduces smoke-borne diseases particularly acute respiratory infection and improves sanitation and hygiene at the rural populace. Its slurry can be used as manure.
The technology was inaugurated by Dr. Tashi Samdup, the Director General for Department of Livestock and Gasa Dzongdag. It was also attended by the livestock staff, Khamoed gup, mangmi, tshogpa and farmers.
The Director General in his speech conveyed his special gratitude to the Dzongkhag Administration and public for its successful accomplishment. He highlighted that biogas is one of the mega achievements of the Department in the 11th FYP and success of this technology in Gasa is heralded for achieving the vision of Good to Great Gasa.
On the day, farmers were given awareness on the benefits of biogas and challenges they are likely to face in the process of plant construction for future preparedness.
Further, Dasho Dzongda briefed on the vision of Good to Great Gasa and operation of the production centre to the public. The awareness on clean milk production to ensure quality milk for consumers were also held and 90 aluminum milking buckets was distributed to dairy farmers.
Submitted by Dzongkhag Livestock Sector, Gasa
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