The introduction of Community Forestry (CF) program in Bhutan is a courageous, innovative and promising step towards participatory forest management and this has been well recognized throughout the world as a successful people centered program.
The FNCR 2006 provides a clear regulation of the CF and the process of handing over forest to the local communities by forming management groups called Community Forest Management Groups (CFMGs). This Rule defines community forest as a part of national forest handed over to a CFMG for its development, protection, conservation, and utilization for collective benefits. The government transfers responsibility to CFMG for managing the national forest and the right to use forest products in a sustainable way with the ultimate objective of improving livelihoods of rural communities. The CFMGs have been recognized as social institutions, legal entities and self-governing autonomous bodies which have legal rights to formulate their constitutions (legal documents based on which they operate) and to take decisions regarding CF management.
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