7 July 2016: SMART was first introduced in 2013 with an objective to curb illegal activities. SMART is a site-based approach used to monitor and improve the effectiveness of conservation management. Despite numerous trainings and advocacy, RMNP is the lone agency under the Department of Forests and Park Services who effective used SMART tool in patrolling. On the contrary, protected area systems in Bhutan are all prone to poaching of one wildlife or the other. JSWNP on the other hand forms an indispensible conservation landscape as it connects Northern Protected Area Systems with the Trans boundary Manas Conservation Area through biological corridors. Moreover, JSWNP in itself harbours a good diversity of life with 39 mammal species, 270 birds, 139 butterflies, and numerous other life forms. Perhaps with 7 cat species, JSWNP is hotspots for wild felids. The 2015 National Tiger Survey revealed the presence of 12 individual tigers with an estimate of 14-26 tigers. Results also indicated that a viable breeding population of tigers are thriving in JSWNP, which calls for regular monitoring through patrolling.
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