Thimphu: The antibiotics have saved millions of lives since they were first discovered. In animals, we use antibiotics for improving welfare and for enhancing the production. However, the indiscriminate use of these antibiotics has led to emergence of resistant bacteria in which antibiotics no longer work also known as antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The UK Government has established the Fleming Fund to respond to the global threat of drug-resistant infections. The Fleming Fund is critical to achieving the resolution of the 68th World Health Assembly 2015, 84th World Animal Health Assembly and in realising the Political Declaration of the High-Level Meeting of the United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) on Antimicrobial Resistance 2016. The overall goal of the grant is to avert the human and economic burden of AMR.
Bhutan is one of the recipient of Fleming Fund Country Grants to improve the diagnosis and surveillance of AMR in both human health and the animal health sector thereby to inform policy and practices at national and international levels. The human health component implemented by Department of Medical Services which benefits five laboratories (surveillance sites) and animal health component is implemented by the Department of Livestock (DoL) benefitting four laboratories, each at the National Centre for Animal Health (NCAH), National Food Testing Laboratory and two Regional Livestock Development Centres (RLDCs) at Tsimasham and Kanglung.
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