In Bhutan, a number of Payment for Environmental Service (PES) scheme types, currently functioning have the potential to be scaled up in other parts of the country taking into account, lessons and experiences generated today in the country. A comprehensive of these mechanisms will be valuable for scaling up, and could also be offered as models that could potentially, be replicated in the districts. This would contribute to responding to challenges, with synergizing rapid socio-economic development, with the Governments conservation efforts to uphold the constitutional mandate, of maintaining 60 percent of land under forests cover forever.
Bhutan has one of the highest per capita water availability in the region. However, with growth in population, rapid socio-economic development, and impact of climate change, the protection of watershed and riverine ecosystems has become an urgent and important issue. Considering the water crisis in Tsirang, there is an urgent need to protect and manage watersheds, for the benefit of our future generations. At present, the overall management of the water resources is poor, and it is timely that the Government agencies and communities’ partnership, to explore various approaches for the effective management of watershed. Without human intervention, the water crisis can threaten the balance of ecosystem goods and services. The communities believe that, such an undertaking would be one viable option, to help prevent water related problems, with the increasing population and development in future.
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